In all rooms, to reduce the exposure to potential electrical safety threats, there are a number of items that you ought to check out to make sure that all your electrical appliances and/or gadgets are in safe working order. Make sure to check out each and every lighting fixture throughout every space, including lamps, to confirm that all light bulbs are rated for the proper wattage. In the event you are not sure what light bulb is best for the fixture, be sure to go with a new light bulb that's 60 watts or under. Anything over sixty watts that isn't rated for the fixture could trigger it to overheat. Lamps are always rated for maximum watts. Many older lighting units might have a rated value missing or, perhaps, unreadable.
Additionally in the colder weather, inspect all portable electric powered heating units to verify they are evaluated and endorsed by nationally-recognized research laboratory organizations (such as UL). Ensure your heating unit is in a secure place, a minimum of three feet away from some thing that could potentially ignite and also in a position where it will not fall over. Make sure that all heaters are in working order and aren't emitting any sparks or unusual smells once they are in use.
Make sure to check all electrical cords to ensure they are not frayed, will not get stepped on, are not wrapped about some thing or near an area that would get wet or spilled on. When a cord is placed behind an article of furniture, ensure that air can circulate around them in the event of a possible overheating. Ensure that your outlets are not overloaded with multiple cords and adapters.
To make sure electrical safety at home, any unused outlets should be covered with plastic outlet covers, especially if you have children or pets that could somehow get their fingers (or paws) within the socket. All of your wall outlets and light switches ought to be covered with trim plates. This serves to keep exposed wires covered. Make sure all outlets and switches are working correctly. If not, call in an electrician to look after the issue. If you have something plugged in into the outlet, make certain it fits snugly, otherwise, have the outlet replaced as early as possible.
Inside your kitchen, ensure that all counter top appliances are unplugged when not in use. Also make sure that any of the countertop appliance cords are not in a spot in which they could get hot or are near a stove or burner. Make sure that the cords of one's appliances are also not in locations where they might get wet. As for the larger appliances, this consists of your washer and dryer, hopefully when you've used them, you've never felt a slight shock. If so, shut down electricity that provides energy to that appliance until such time as an electrical contractor can check it out. This is an indication that there is some faulty wiring somewhere within the grounding circuit.
Inside your bathroom, make sure that all hair styling gadgets are unplugged when not in use. It can be simple to forget if or not you've turned off a curling iron or hair straightener. It's worth a trip back towards the house to double check. (This goes for your steam iron too).
If you use an electric blanket, these can also be a fire hazard if not correctly utilized or taken care of. Make sure that there are not any dark charred spots on the blanket and also make sure that all cables and connectors are operating properly. When utilizing an electric blanket, place it on top and do not let something else sit on top of it. Also when laid out on the bed, make certain it lays flat. Do not fold up an a electric blanket that's in use.
In addition, be sure to check your fuse or circuit breaker panelboard. Make certain fuses or breakers are the appropriate sizes for the circuit. If uncertain, consult a qualified electrical contractor. Circuit breaker or fuse ratings are calculated by the circuit wire gauge.
Periodically check for residual heat build-up at breakers or fuses and at receptacles, switches and cords (including extension leads). The presence of heat is indicative of a load that is at or close to the capacity of the circuit or device. 'Warm' to touch may be normal if a load is on the circuit or device--and may be no reason for concern. 'Very warm' or 'Hot' to touch is not usual, nor is it okay. Reduce the load (or turn the circuit off) and seek the advice of a qualified electrical contractor. Don't ignore the build-up of residual heat in a circuit. To do this could expose your life and property to the likelihood of a fire. Electrical anomalies, if not promptly attended to are 'Life Safety' problems and aren't to be taken lightly.
These tips are a good overview of items that you can do to be assured that you are keeping up with electrical safety at your home on a daily or occasional basis. If things work correctly, you are in good shape and may stop potential hazards and keep your family and house out of harm's way.